What Is Noun In Hindi | Meaning | Kinds

What Is Noun In Hindi | Noun Definition In Hindi

Everything in this world that we can see with our eyes or we can touch it or feel it. The name we call all those things is called Noun.

इस संसार में मौजूद प्रत्येक वस्तु जिसे हम अपनी आँखों से देख सकते या हम उसे छू सकते है या उसे महसूस कर सकते है उन सभी चीज़ों को हम जिस नाम से बुलाते है वह नाम ही संज्ञा (Noun) कहलाती है।

It can be anything like:

किसी व्यक्ति का नाम जैसे- boy, girl, man, woman, Rohan-Sohan, Etc.

किसी जानवर का नाम जैसे- dog, cat, lion, elephant, Animal, Etc.

किसी जगह का नाम जैसे- US, Delhi, Mumbai, Palika Bazar, Etc.

किसी वस्तु का नाम जैसे- table, chair, book, pen, wall, fan, star, gold, diamond, Etc.

या फिर कोई ऐसी चीज़ जिसे हम देख या छू नहीं सकते लेकिन महसूस कर सकते है जैसे- Love, honesty, cunning, poverty, old age, youth, childhood, bravery, Etc.

Type Of Noun In Hindi | Noun Kinds In Hindi

  1. व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा – Proper Noun
  2. जातिवाचक संज्ञा – Common Noun
  3. समूहवाचक संज्ञा – Collective Noun
  4. द्रव्यवाचक संज्ञा – Material Noun
  5. भाववाचक संज्ञा – Abstract noun

व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा / Proper Noun In Hindi

It represents the name of a specific person, place, or thing and begins with a capital letter.

Ex: – India, Mohan, Mumbai, Sita, Geeta, Asia, etc.

जातिवाचक संज्ञा / Common Noun In Hindi

It represents the category to which a person, place, and things belong.

Ex: – Book, Boy, Girl, Man, Woman, Teacher, Leader, etc.

समूहवाचक संज्ञा / Collective Noun In Hindi

The noun that shows a collection of people, animals, or things is called a collective noun.

Ex: – Class, Parliament, Committee, Crew, Government, Team, etc.

द्रव्यवाचक संज्ञा / Material Noun In Hindi

A noun that can be measured or weight but can’t be counted is called a material noun.

Ex: – Milk, Wood, Rice, Oil, Gold, Silver, Glass, Plastic, Water, Petrol, Wheat, Rice, Money, Etc.

भाववाचक संज्ञा / Abstract Noun In Hindi

A noun that can never be seen and cannot be touched but it can be felt called an abstract noun.

Ex: – Honesty, Wisdom, Bravery, Cleverness, Darkness, Whiteness, Childhood, Youth, Oldage, Justice, Poverty, Mathematics, Physics, etc.

The Noun given above is mainly divided into two parts.

(1). Countable Noun:- वह सभी Noun जिसे हम संख्या (…..) में गिन सकते है Countable Noun कहलाते है। 

जैसे – A Boy, Four Apples, Three Chairs, 100 Rupees, Etc.

Proper Nouns, Common Nouns & Collective Nouns are Countable Nouns.

(2). Uncountable Noun:- वे सभी Noun जिन्हें हम संख्या में नहीं गिन सकते हैं उन्हें केवल तौला या मापा जा सकता है Uncountable Noun कहलाते है।

जैसे – Water, Oil, Sugar, Money, Petrol, Honesty, Wisdom, Gold, Silver, Etc.

Material Noun & Abstract Nouns are Uncountable Nouns.

Rules Related to Noun In Hindi

Rule- 1.  कुछ Noun का प्रयोग हमेशा Plural Form में ही होता है क्योकि वे दिखने में भी Plural जैसे ही होते है और उनके साथ Plural Verb का ही प्रयोग किया जाता है 

जैसे – Pants, Scissors, Pilairs, Tongs, Wages, Riches,

For Examples:- 

  • Where is my pants? ❌
  • Where are my pants? ✔️

Rule- 2. कुछ Noun दिखने में Plural लगते है लेकिन वो होते Singular है, और उनके साथ प्रयोग भी Singular Verb का ही किया जाता है

जैसे – News, Politics, Innings, Physics, Summons, Mathematics, Billiards, Etc.
For Example: –

  • Politics are a dirty game. ❌
  • Politics is a dirty game. ✔️

Rule- 3. कुछ Noun ऐसे होते है जो दिखने में  तो Singular लगते है पर अर्थ में Plural होते है इनका प्रयोग हमेशा Plural Verbs के साथ ही होता है इस प्रकार के Noun के साथ s/es नहीं लगाया जाता है 

Ex: – People, Police, Public, Children, Cattle, etc.
For Example: –

  • The police is running. ❌
  • The Police are running. ✔️

Rule- 4. कुछ Noun ऐसे होते है जो देखने में भी Singular नज़र आते है और होते भी Singular ही है, इनके साथ s/es लगाकर इन्हे Plural नहीं बनाया जा सकता 

Ex: – Scenery, Furniture, Advice, Information, Hair, Wastage, Jewellery, Work, Postage, Equipment, etc. 

For Example: – 

  • My hair are black. ❌
  • My hair is black.  ✔️

Rule- 5. Hyphenated Noun का प्रयोग कभी भी Plural Form में नहीं होता है 

Ex: – 

  • He gave me two hundred-rupees notes. ❌
  • He gave me two hundred-rupee notes. ✔️
  • He stays in Five-stars hotels. ❌
  • He stays in Five-star hotels. ✔️

Rule- 6. यदि किसी Noun के बाद Preposition का प्रयोग हो और फिर वही Noun repeat हो तो वह Noun Singular Form में होना चाहिए 

Ex: – 

  • Town after town were devastated. ❌
  • Town after town was devastated. ✔️
  • Ship after ship are arriving. ❌
  • Ship after ship is arriving. ✔️

Rule- 7. Some Nouns are used in Singular Form When definite numeral adjectives are used before them. 
Ex: – Dozen, Hundred, Thousand, Million, Pair, Score, Stone, Gross, Billion, Etc.
Example: –

  • I have two pairs of shoes. ❌
  • I have two pair of shoes. ✔️
  • He gave me two thousands rupees. ❌
  • He gave me two thousand rupees. ✔️

Note: –
यदि इनके साथ Indefinite Countable का प्रयोग हो तो इन्हे Pluralise किया जाता है
Ex: – Dozens of Women, hundreds of People, Millions of dollars, Scores of shops, Many pairs of shoes.
Example: –

  • He donated million of rupees. ❌
  • He donated millions of rupees. ✔️

Use of Noun In Possessive cases

Rule- 8. Living Nouns के साथ (‘s) और Non-Living Noun के साथ (OF) का प्रयोग करते है
Example: –

  • My room’s roof is leaking badly. ❌
  • The roof of my room is leaking badly. ✔️
  • The wife of Rahul is very beautiful. ❌
  • Rahul’s wife is very beautiful. ✔️

Rule- 9. In the case of transferring Relation ( ‘s ) cannot be used with two nouns side by side.
Example: –

  • My friend’s sister’s son is a doctor. ❌
  • The son of my friend’s sister is a doctor. ✔️

Rule- 10. With Compound Noun also ( ‘s ) is used with the last noun. 
Example: –

  • This is my brother’s-in-law house. ❌
  • This is my brother-in-law’s house. ✔️

Rule- 11. यदि Plural शब्द का Last Letter (s) है तो apostrophe का use करते वक़्त (s) नहीं लगाते है, केवल apostrophe ( ‘ ) का ही Use करते है

Example: –

  • I went to the Boys’s hostel. ❌
  • I went to the boys’ hostel. ✔️

Note: –
Possessive Pronoun ( His, Hers, Yours, Ours, Theirs) के साथ Apostrophe नहीं लगाते है